The Institute for Mechanical and Process Engineering of the University of Kaiserslautern deals with several scientific topics which fall under the domain of particles technology. The researches of the department approach fundamental themes of mechanical and process engineering, from the generation and formulation of particles to define the properties of some dispersed substances to the separation of the particles dispersed in a gas or liquid phase.
In order to characterize these dispersed particles, the department develops its own solutions of sensor technology, which are not just used on a laboratory scale. In the field of solids process technology, numerical and experimental simulations are essential to observe the macroscopic effects of bulk materials when they are stocked and to consider the micromechanics of particles when they interact among them or when they separate. At the core of any research activity lies the creation of individual simulation situations, among which the modelisation of multiphasic disposal plays a central role.
In the framework of PowderReg project, the problems related to powders storage are examined in order to avoid fluctuations in mass flows and problems concerning disposal.
Besides experimental research, numerical methods (such as Discrete Element Method & Computational Fluid Dynamics) are used in order to simulate silo discharge and shear processes, for which micromechanical interactions are modelled and calibrated.